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Nuclear Reactor Safety

  • Nejdet ERKAN / Project Associate Professor

    Nejdet ERKANProject Associate Professor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Nejdet ERKAN Project Associate Professor

    Nejdet ERKANProject Associate Professor

    erkan@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Experimental and Numerical Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics for Nuclear Safety and Accidents

    The technology of the experimental instruments has reached to very advanced levels recently. In parallel, the computational methods and resources gained tremendous capacity that can employ sophisticated modeling techniques for real-life problems. To validate the results of the digital world, a high-quality experimental data set (diverse, multi-dimensional, high-resolution, and accurate) is extremely needed. To understand the sophisticated dynamics of nuclear accidents and to enhance the nuclear safety, we perform experiments and numerical simulations related to thermal-hydraulics phenomena existing in nuclear systems. We use/develop advanced visualization and measurement techniques for fluid flow and heat flow (PIV, PIV/TSP, Shadowgraphy etc.) diagnostics to acquire high-quality real-world data. We use the computational tools such as OpenFOAM and other CFD codes, and validate their models with the experimental results which are obtained from small-scale setups, and extrapolate acquired knowledge to real-scale problems.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Nuclear Thermal-Hydraulics, Nuclear Safety, Severe Accident, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), OpenFOAM

  • Koji OKAMOTO / Professor

    Koji OKAMOTOProfessor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Koji OKAMOTO Professor

    Koji OKAMOTOProfessor

    1961
    okamoto@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Visualization and Nuclear Safety

    "Visualization" is the key technology on 21 century. We focused on the Information Visualization and Quantitative Visualization. The huge amount of data will be visualized to understand the complex phenomena and/or to resolve the core mechanism of the complex systems. The laser and high-speed camera will resolve the invisible world with quantitative information. We are the world top class laboratory for quantitative visualization.
    In the Nuclear Safety, visualization is also the key system. The complex huge system, e.g. Nuclear Power Plant, will be resolved using the visualization technology. The Nuclear Energy will be a promising source of energy to help the world, especially developing countries. However, public understandings will be needed, especially in Japan. Using the visualization technology, we will provide an open access of the Nuclear Energy. We really need a trailblazer for the complex future.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management、Director, JAEA Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science

    Keywords

    Visualization, Nuclear safety, Severe accident

  • Naoto KASAHARA / Professor

    Naoto KASAHARAProfessor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Naoto KASAHARA Professor

    Naoto KASAHARAProfessor

    1960
    kasahara@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Design by analysis for energy plants

    Energy plants are complex systems related with thermal-fluid-structural mechanics. Understanding of essential mechanism of multi-physics phenomena will lead to development of systematic models on thermal load - structural response - material strength in plants. These enable superior design which can satisfy both plant safety and economics.
    Most of them are joint research programs with external companies. They will give you educational chance to learn academic research organization and project management.
    Through concrete research on structural design of fast breeder reactors, students can learn rational and general methodologies applicable to other fields.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:JAXA Visiting Researcher

    Keywords

    Nuclear Structural Engineering, Elevated Temperature Structural Design, Fast Breeder Reactor

  • Takumi SAITO / Associate Professor

    Takumi SAITOAssociate Professor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Takumi SAITO Associate Professor

    Takumi SAITOAssociate Professor

    1977
    saito@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Chemistry for Nuclear Waste Disposal and Environmental Behaviors of Radionuclides

    It is duty of our generation to settle the issues of nuclear waste disposal. Geological disposal is a feasible option for high-level wastes or spent fuels, where various basic research and R&D are still needed to improve the reliability. Chemistry of radionuclides is a key foundation to realize a well-accepted disposal system. Thus, we are pursuing understanding and modeling of the chemistry that governs the interaction of radionuclides with materials of engineering barriers and the migration of radionuclides in subsurface environments, using sophisticated spectroscopy with X-ray, laser, and neutron, chromatographic techniques, and computer simulation. Knowledge obtained through the research has been applied to the modeling of chemodynamics of radionuclides released from the accident of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant or other non-radioactive pollutants in environments. Any student who has an interest in the issue of nuclear waste disposal are welcomed, no matter what academic backgrounds they have.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Nuclear waste disposal, Physical chemistry, Geochemistry, Actinide chemistry

  • Shunichi SUZUKI / Project Professor

    Shunichi SUZUKIProject Professor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Shunichi SUZUKI Project Professor

    Shunichi SUZUKIProject Professor

    1957
    s_suzuki@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Decommissioning of Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP and project management

    In order to complete the decommissioning of Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP, we need to challenge and overcome the difficulties which no one has ever experienced. The key technology for decommissioning of the accident plants is how to solve the unsteady state problems caused by remarkable changes of environment, circumstances and the states of the plant condition with the lapse of time. Main theme of this course is finding the tasks and their solutions for decommissioning through evaluation of phenomena which may occur in the future and also though making the scenario with experiments such as material and thermal-hydraulic tests. This course will not only deepen your skill & knowledge on decommissioning, but also give you an opportunity to understand the importance of the project management and the way of System Thinking for a complex world which you will face in the future.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Institute of Engineering Innovation
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Decommissioning, System dynamics, Risk assessment, Resilience engineering

  • Naoto SEKIMURA / Professor

    Naoto SEKIMURAProfessor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Naoto SEKIMURA Professor

    Naoto SEKIMURAProfessor

    1958
    sekimura@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Nuclear Materials Engineering, Ageing Management of Light Water Reactors, Maintenance Engineering of Complex Systems, Multi-scale Simulation of Radiation Damage in Nuclear Materials, Systems Engineering for Nuclear Fuels, Knowledge-base for Nuclear Engineering

    Multi-scale simulation and experimental studies on microscopic and macroscopic behaviors of nuclear materials under very severe conditions including energetic neutron irradiation are the major topics. I have been leading national projects for ageing management of nuclear reactors components and materials with other universities, national laboratories and industries. Our group is also working on international collaboration on safe long term operation of nuclear systems and seismic safety through intensive collaboration with IAEA and OECD/NEA .

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:Vice-President, The University of Tokyo(International、Japanese Education)

    Keywords

    Safety and Knowledge Management for Nuclear Systems, Multiscale Modeling of Materials

  • Takashi TAKATA Project Professor

    Takashi TAKATAProject Professor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Takashi TAKATA Project Professor

    Takashi TAKATAProject Professor

    1970
    takata_t@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Deepening of Risk and Utilizing of Risk on Decision Making in Engineering Issue

    We have no engineering system with absolute safety. Accordingly, A qualitative and quantitative understanding of risk on the system will be one of the most key issues to discuss its safety and to make a decision concerning with an application of the system.,
    Since a nuclear power plant is a huge and complex engineering system, intrinsic risks in the plant include large uncertainties and numerous scenarios. Hence, a ratiocinative methodology will be of importance to clarify the risks. We have been developing the methodology based on experimental approaches as well as numerical simulation technology.
    We have also investigated a qualitative characteristic of the information concerning with the risk, which is obtained in the risk assessment, and its elemental role on decision making so as to enhance development of human resources who has accomplishment of utilizing risk information on decision making reasonably.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Risk engineering course
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Risk assessment, Thermal-hydraulics, Numerical simulation, Uncertainty, Decision making, Nuclear safety

  • Kazuyuki DEMACHI / Associate Professor

    Kazuyuki DEMACHIAssociate Professor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Kazuyuki DEMACHI Associate Professor

    Kazuyuki DEMACHIAssociate Professor

    1970
    demachi@nuclear.jp

    Website

    Abnormality Detection Technology

    Development of Plant Safety, Security, Maintenance for NPP and Medical Imaging Technology:
    1) Hand and Body Motion Recognition using Fish-eye camera for NPP Safety and Security,
    2) Failure Sign Detection of Devices for Predictive Maintenance,
    3) Madical Imating Technology for Real-time Tracking Radiation Therapy (RTRT.)

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:Nuclear Professional School

    Keywords

    Maintenance, Medical Technology, Movie Prediction

  • Akira YAMAGUCHI / Professor

    Akira YAMAGUCHIProfessor

    Nuclear
    Reactor
    Safety

    Akira YAMAGUCHI Professor

    Akira YAMAGUCHIProfessor

    1957
    yamaguchi@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Trans-Science and Nuclear Risk

    Science and technologies promise better life and more wealthy society in the future. Eventually, we gain benefits from the fruits. The idea does not adapt to the contemporary society. The societal value of the science and technology is closely concerned with the rational relationship of the technology and the society. Key words of science and technologies in the light of societal view are uncertainties, imaginary skill, unknowns, questioning attitude, rational decision making and so on. Contemporary science and technologies need to be established putting more emphasis on the societal acceptance in terms of risk and benefit, i.e. welfare of the society. Researches necessary to respond to the expectations are for: (1) simulating the technology (to understand phenomena), (2) perceiving the technology (to understand risk), and (3) assessing the technology (to make a decision rationally). Common baseline idea is to be developed by an academic field that deals with the lack of knowledge and unknowns, e.g. uncertainties. Energy is the source and foundation of social infrastructures. The dual aspect, light and shadow (safety and uncertainty), of the energy should be quantitatively understood in whole the society for a good and rational decision-making. Last but not least are, needless to say, the next generation researchers. It is a challenge for those living in Japan that have engraved the experience of nuclear disaster deeply in heart. Please join us for opening the door of risk and safety research.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management、Graduate School of Osaka University (Invited Professor)

    Keywords

    Risk assessment, Simulation, Unknown, Uncertainty, Decision making, Nuclear safety

Radiation Sources , Detection & Measurement

  • Kenichi ISHIKAWA / Professor

    Kenichi ISHIKAWAProfessor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Kenichi ISHIKAWA Professor

    Kenichi ISHIKAWAProfessor

    1969
    ishiken@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Attosecond Science and Particle Cancer Therapy

    We study the interaction of a laser pulse and an ion beam with matter through theory and simulations. Our research interest is a new field called high-field phenomena and attosecond science, which studies the quantum dynamics in an ultrashort intense laser field. Especially, we investigate highly nonlinear processes such as high-harmonic generation and tunneling ionization as well as attosecond electron dynamics in atoms and molecules, based on atomic and plasma physics as well as quantum chemistry. Also, we develop a sophisticated method of dose calculation for heavy-ion cancer therapy, which also runs on the K supercomputer.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:Photon Science Center、Department of Physics, School of Science

    Keywords

    High-order harmonic generation, High-field physics, Ab initio simulations, Monte-Carlo method

  • Mitsuru UESAKA / Professor

    Mitsuru UESAKAProfessor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Mitsuru UESAKA Professor

    Mitsuru UESAKAProfessor

    1957
    uesaka@tokai.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Advanced and Compact Accelerators and Medical Physics

    We are developing advanced and compact accelerators/lasers such as S-band photocathode RF electron gun and linear accelerator (linac), X-band Compton scattering monochromatic X-ray source, portable X-band linac X-ray source for nondestructive evaluation, X-band linac for pinpoint cancer therapy, fiber laser accelerator for basic radiation biology. Further, we are performing research on X-ray drug deliver system (DDS) for high quality diagnosis and synergy effect of chemical and radiation-therapies. R&D based medical physics are performed.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management、Department of Bioengineering

    Keywords

    Portable linear accelerator, Fiber laser, Radiation biology

  • Masashi OHNO / Associate Professor

    Masashi OHNOAssociate Professor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Masashi OHNO Associate Professor

    Masashi OHNOAssociate Professor

    1973
    ohno@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Innovative analysis of nuclear material using superconducting radiation sensors

    Our academic objective is to realize a new innovative high-energy-resolution spectroscopy for nuclear structure investigations, radioactive or non-radioactive nuclide identifications, material analyses, and radiotherapy. For example, non-destructive analysis of nuclear materials for safeguards and nuclear forensic requires improvement in accuracy and sensitivity. The precision spectroscopy of hard X-ray and gamma ray from the nuclear materials is powerful tool for the identification of the plutonium, uranium, actinide and their decay products. However it needs to resolve their X-ray or gamma ray peaks in the complex spectrum of around 100keV region, which cannot be resolved by the conventional detectors. Therefore, we have developed the superconducting radiation sensor with the ultra-high energy resolution. Now our research group has already obtained the world top energy resolution in high-energy gamma-ray region and also, tried to measure gamma-rays from fission products with this superconducting detector.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Superconductivity, Nanotechnology, Gamma-ray spectroscopy, Charge particle therapy

  • Hisaaki KUDO / Associate Professor

    Hisaaki KUDOAssociate Professor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Hisaaki KUDO Associate Professor

    Hisaaki KUDOAssociate Professor

    1964
    hkudo@nuclear.jp

    Radiation chemistry and application of polymer materials

    I am working on radiation chemistry and irradiation effects of polymer materials by using ion and electron beam accelerators.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Radiation chemistry, Radiation application, Radiation degradation, Polymer material

  • Hiroyuki TAKAHASHI / Professor

    Hiroyuki TAKAHASHIProfessor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Hiroyuki TAKAHASHI Professor

    Hiroyuki TAKAHASHIProfessor

    1960
    leo@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Radiation Measurements and Instrumentation

    Radiation measurements are very important in many science and technology areas. We develop quantum radiation detectors for various applications in many areas such as medical imaging, industrial imaging, basic science, etc. Microfabrication techniques, microelectronics and computer hardware techniques, and simulation calculations are effectively used in our research.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Institute of Engineering Innovation
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management、Department of Bioengineering

    Keywords

    Radiation measurements, Gamma-ray imaging, Environmental radiation, Neutron detectors, Signal processing

  • Shuichi HASEGAWA / Professor

    Shuichi HASEGAWAProfessor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Shuichi Hasegawa Professor

    Shuichi HasegawaProfessor

    1966
    hasegawa@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Laser photons controlling isotopic atoms to manipulate physical and chemical reactions for isotope engineering

    Recent progress has been made in engineering solid state lasers to extend their wavelengths and intensities, which leads less photon-cost and narrower bandwidth of the laser wavelength. Laser manipulation of atoms and molecules is one of the fruitful fields due to it. In nuclear engineering, the isotope manipulation and measurement are fundamental technology to pursue. Measurement of rare isotopes is also important for nuclear security or forensic science. We investigate interactions between photons and atoms to extend capability of the laser manipulation for nuclear engineering.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    laser science, Atomic and molecular science, Isotope engineering

  • Hiroyuki MATSUZAKI / Professor

    Hiroyuki MATSUZAKIProfessor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Hiroyuki MATSUZAKI Professor

    Hiroyuki MATSUZAKIProfessor

    1966
    hmatsu@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    AMS, Isotope System, Earth Environmental System

    Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) can analyze extremely rare long-lived radio isotopes such as 10Be(half life = 1.36x106 yr), 14C(5,730 yr), 26Al(7.2x105 yr),36Cl(3.01x105 yr), 129I(1.57x107 yr). These rare isotopes form special isotope systems with their stable isotopes which have precise information about earth environment system. Most famous isotope system is the 14C/12C system well known to be used for dating. Our laboratory has a 5MV tandem accelerator and developed multi-nuclide AMS system of which the performance retains world's top level. While we are applying AMS to various interdisciplinary research fields from archaeological to earth environmental sciences, recently we especially focus on the 129I/127I system. As iodine has a close relation with organic matter and is often found with important carbon reservoir such as methane hydrates and soils, we consider 129I/127I system is an important clue to elucidate the total carbon dynamics.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:The University Museum
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Ion beam, AMS, Isotope geochemistry, Radioisotope environment assessment

  • Shinichi YAMASHITA / Associate Professor

    Shinichi YAMASHITAAssociate Professor

    Radiation
    Sources ,
    Detection &
    Measurement

    Shinichi YAMASHITA Associate Professor

    Shinichi YAMASHITAAssociate Professor

    1979
    shin1@tokai.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    What are induced by ionizing radiations? Utilization of advantages and overcome of disadvantages.

    Ionizing radiations are closely related to most of the problems in nuclear engineering while they are utilized in practical fields such as cancer treatment in medical field, material processing in industrial field, etc. Understanding their features is essential in order to enhance their advantages as well as to overcome their disadvantages. Sequential events from pico- to microseconds (10−12-10−6 s)) induced by ionizing radiations are all our interest. Examples of research subjects are as follows: "Mechanism of radiation protection and enhancement caused by a tiny amount of chemicals", "water radiolysis (radiation-induced decomposition) with therapeutic high-energy heavy-ion beams", "radiation chemistry in gel matrix for development of polymer gel dosimeter", "effect of seawater constituents on water radiolysis", "gas evolutions from boiling water", etc. In addition, radiation effects at interfaces such as water-polymer (DNA, polysaccharides), water-metal/ceramic, and liquid water-water vapor have not been investigated well. I hope some students make breakthroughs in the frontier.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Radiation effect (physical chemistry, chemistry, and biochemistry), water chemistry in nuclear engineering, cancer therapy, industrial application of radiation, interfaces

Advanced Modeling & Simulation

  • Ryoichi KOMIYAMA / Associate Professor

    Ryoichi KOMIYAMAAssociate Professor

    Advanced
    Modeling &
    Simulation

    Ryoichi KOMIYAMA Associate Professor

    Ryoichi KOMIYAMAAssociate Professor

    1975
    komiyama@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Quantitative Analysis of Energy Security

    Energy security is a key agenda to address for sustaining socioeconomic activities under various structural and contingency risks such as the depletion of fossil fuel and energy supply disruption. In order to formulate effective technical and political measures for enhancing energy security under those risks and constraints, we need to comprehensively understand economics and international energy market as well as the engineering aspect of energy technology. The research theme in our group is to develop a mathematical and computational energy-economic model to analyze the optimal strategy for the deployment of energy technologies and to discuss energy policy firmly based on the simulated results derived from the model.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:Resilience Engineering Research Center(講義)

    Keywords

    Energy security, Energy-economic model, Mathematical optimization, Econometrics

  • Mikio SAKAI / Associate Professor

    Mikio SAKAIAssociate Professor

    Advanced
    Modeling &
    Simulation

    Mikio SAKAI Associate Professor

    Mikio SAKAIAssociate Professor

    1973
    mikio_sakai@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Multiphysics modeling for computational granular dynamics

    We study multiphysics modeling for computational granular dynamics, namely, numerical simulations of solid-fluid and solid particle-elastic body interaction problems. We encounter these problems in various fields including nuclear engineering, chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, civil engineering, pharmaceutical, etc. Numerical studies on the problems were challenging since these were hardly simulated because of the complicated phenomena and excessive calculation cost. Accordingly, our research topics becomes wide ranging, for example, slurry suspension, magneto-rheological fluids, fluidized beds, debris flows, slope failure. At present, we develop new models to perform the simulations by using Lagrangian-Lagrangian or Eulerian-Lagrangian approaches. Our original technologies become important in engineering and science.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Resilience Engineering Research Center
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management、Imperial College London (Visiting Associate Professor)

    Keywords

    Computational granular dynamics, Discrete element method, Multiphiscs modeling

  • Takeshi SATO / Associate Professor

    Takeshi SATOAssociate Professor

    Advanced
    Modeling &
    Simulation

    Takeshi SATO Associate Professor

    Takeshi SATOAssociate Professor

    1980
    sato@atto.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Multielectron dynamics in intense laser fields

    High field physics and attosecond science are rapidly progressing, in which dynamics of electrons in matters are directly measured and even controlled, using ultra-short high-intensity laser pulses. We are developing state-of-the-art theoretical and computational methods to solve time-dependent Schrödinger equation of multielectron systems interacting with intense laser fields, aiming at ab initio study of nonlinearly nonperturbative phenomena such as tunneling ionization, high harmonic generation, and nonsequential multiple ionization.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:Photon Science Center

    Keywords

    High field physics, Attosecond science, Wave function theory, Density functional theory, Quantum chemistry

  • Yasumasa FUJII / Professor

    Yasumasa FUJIIProfessor

    Advanced
    Modeling &
    Simulation

    Yasumasa FUJII Professor

    Yasumasa FUJIIProfessor

    1965
    fujii@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Energy Systems Analysis for Policy and Technology Assessment

    Fujii laboratory has been working on the research topics of the feasibility analysis of various alternative energy supply technologies, and policy evaluation for international energy security and environmental issues using a global energy system model built with large-scale mathematical programming on the computers. Moreover, research topics of energy management, such as institutional design of deregulated electricity markets and optimal strategy planning of energy procurement under uncertainty, have also been investigated using variety of analytical techniques of stochastic dynamic programming, financial engineering, and multi-agent simulation with reinforcement learning.
    In Fujii laboratory, since we try to find the solutions for the energy problems of 100 years and for the social system which is not realized yet, we welcome students who have the interest to learn various fields, and those who have strong imagination to consider the future of foreign countries.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management
    Other posts:Resilience Engineering Research Center

    Keywords

    Energy Economic Systems, Technology and Policy Assessment, Optimization, Stochastic Programming

Materials in Extreme Environments

  • Hiroaki ABE / Professor

    Hiroaki ABEProfessor

    Materials in
    Extreme
    Environments

    Hiroaki ABE Professor

    Hiroaki ABEProfessor

    1966
    abe.hiroaki@n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Nuclear Materials Engineering

    As one of the expected solutions for the safe design and operation of nuclear power plants, the further improvements of nuclear materials and fuels are indispensable. We deal with research and development of materials for fusion reactors, advanced fission reactors (Generation IV), and current light water reactors (LWR). The main aspects are to reveal fundamental mechanism of the degradation process under extreme environments, such as irradiation, corrosion and hydrogenation, in Fe-based and Zr-based alloys. Developments of high-performance materials and testing methods are also of our interest. The following techniques are currently applied: microscopy like TEM, HVEM, TEM-accelerator, SEM/EBSD etc.; mechanical tests like advanced expansion-due-to-compression (A-EDC) test, tensile, creep and nano-hardness etc.; and computer simulations like FEM and MD.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Nuclear Professional School
    Other posts:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Fission, Fusion, Nuclear materials, Nuclear fuels, Extreme environment, Degradation mechanism, Radiation effects

  • Dongyue CHEN Project Lecturer

    Dongyue CHENProject Lecturer

    Materials in
    Extreme
    Environments

    Dongyue CHEN Project Lecturer

    Dongyue CHENProject Lecturer

    1987
    dychen@safety.n.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

    Website

    Ageing Management and Performance of Nuclear Materials

    Ageing degradation of nuclear materials is one of the key issues for the safe operation of nuclear power plants. As an important step to achieve reliable and proactive ageing management of nuclear materials, we combine both experimental and modeling measures to study their ageing mechanisms at multiple scales. Our interests focus on the key materials in reactors, for example core structural materials, reactor pressure vessel steels and fuel cladding materials. State-of-the-art techniques, such as in-situ TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy) and APT (Atom Probe Tomography), are utilized to analyze the evolution of irradiation defects. Based on the ageing mechanisms, the behaviors of nuclear materials in normal operation and accident conditions are predicted quantitatively, which could play an essential role on the safety of nuclear energy.

    Department/Institute/Research Center

    Main post:Department Nuclear Engineering and Management

    Keywords

    Ageing management, Nuclear materials, Irradiation defects.

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